The Miniature Schnauzer was developed in the mid-19th century and is believed to be a crossbreed of the Standard Schnauzer and a smaller dog such as miniature pinscher, poodle, Pomeranian or Affenpinscher. It is also known as Dwarf Schnauzer or Zwergschnauzer. It was bred to be a ratter and guard dog in farmer’s homesteads. The World War affected the increase of this dog breed however after World War 1 their popularity and population drastically increased. Their color variety has decreased over the years and limited to a few common colors.
It is a small but stout dog. It has a square frame body standing at 13 – 14 inches tall and weighing at 10 – 15 pounds. It has a rectangular head that is covered with hair having a long mustache and beard. It also has bushy eyebrows that surround its dark round eyes. Its muzzle is fairly long ending with a black nose, and its teeth close with a scissors bite. Its ears fold into a flap just above its eyes and are covered with a thick coat. It has an upright posture when standing because of its straight front legs and its tail hangs erect.
If you ever desire to have a fun and loving companion dog, this is the right breed for you. It is full of life and energy and will not shy off in showing its affection to someone it’s attached. They are very intelligent dogs hence will be easy to train but also, a challenge to reason with if the trainer is not firm and gentle. Since they belong to the terrier breed of dogs, it is expected that they will express a cocky attitude. If well socialized will get along well with other pets.
It is important to engage the dog in frequent exercise for both its physical and mental well-being. It will be good to have a yard for it to run around but not necessary as it can also do well in-house. It is important to train and socialize the dog while it is young so that it can easily adapt to environments of different people and animals. Should not be left alone for long hours as they derive great comfort from having company.
They are generally healthy dogs and will suffer from what is common to other dogs such as: Eye complications, kidney stones, skin disorder, digestive complications, urinary stones and diabetes. It has a lifespan of about 15 years.
They should be feed with high quality balanced diet. Their food should be provided twice a day to prevent haphazard eating as this may lead to the dog being overweight.
Coat, Color and Grooming
It has a thick coat with both inner and outer layer. The inner layer is soft and tender will the outer layer is curly and has a harder texture. It comes in various colors which are black, silver and white. Care should be taken to trim its hair regularly particularly on the eyebrows, muzzle, and legs. It will also need regular brushing so that its hair does not get entangled.
With family and pets
The miniature schnauzer is a good family dog and will easily bond with both young and old. It has a prey nature hence, will need training from a young age to accommodate other smaller pets such as cats and smaller dogs.