The Pomeranian was developed from the Spitz breed and originates from the Pomerania area. Pomeria is the present Germany and Poland. It is also known as the Pom or Zwegspitz as the Germans call it. Initially, the Pomeranian was much larger than the present breed. They were a working breed used in sheep herding and weighed over 25 pounds. The Pomeranian gained popularity in England because of Queen Victoria, who visited France and returned with one. She bred these dogs and took them to shows until they gained recognition and popularity.
Pomeranians are small dogs with a fluffy coat that cover its body and head. It stands at a height of 7 – 12 inches and weighs as much as a newborn baby 3 – 7 pounds. Their petit body has a square form, and their short neck supports their fairly round head. They have a small muzzle that is proportional to their head and is wide at its base. They have dark almond shaped eyes and have a black nose. They have small V-shaped ears that stick out on the top of their head and are widely spaced apart. They have a fluffy tail that stands erect on their back.
Pomeranian is an intelligent and alert breed of dogs. They enjoy playing and provide good companionship to its owner. They bark a lot hence will make a good watchdog but can also be a nuisance to neighbors hence will need to be well trained on when to be silent. They may have a sense of pride and will be choosy about the food they eat. They are very lively and will require a daily walk to keep the stimulated.
They may be stubborn to train and will require a firm and patient trainer. Early socialization is essential so that they can be able to cope with different people and environments. It is important to exercise them daily so that they can burn off excess energy so that they remain mentally and physically stable. They are comfortable with apartment living as long as it does not get too hot, and they get daily exercise.
Poms are generally healthy but like other breeds they are prone so some diseases such as: hip dysplasia, Patella luxation, dental complication, eye conditions, epilepsy and allergies. They have an average lifespan of 12 – 15 years.
Pomeranians should be feed on high-quality, nutritious feeds. The amount of food given depends on the metabolic rate, age, and size of the dog. Be careful not to overfeed the dog and two meals a day will be a preferred feeding program
Coat, Color and Grooming
They have a double coat that consists of a thick, soft undercoat and a fluffy outer coat. It comes in a variety of colors that a mixed such as black and white, white and brown, pure white, light brown and orange. The hair should be brushed on a weekly basis, and it can be washed as often as possible. Ensure to trim the nails and brush its teeth on a regular basis
With family and other pets
The Pom is fun to be with as a family and will provide good companionship. They are not suited to be with toddlers as they are very possessive of their meals and toys. If early socialized, they will get along well with other pets.