The Saluki is one of the most ancient breeds known to have existed. It is also known as the Persian Greyhound, Arabian Hound, Gazelle Hound, El Hor and the royal dog of Egypt. They were valued by nobility in Egypt and bred for aesthetic purpose probably due to their exotic look. They were also used as sight hounds to chase and kill foxes, rabbits and gazelle. They had great speed agility and endurance to chase and catch prey even through tough terrain. The Saluki was a popular breed in the Middle East and still maintains their function of being a sight hound hunter and also participates in races.
The Saluki has an elegant, slender appearance. It has a slender head with a long muzzle. It has dark almond shaped eyes set at the front of its face. It has a bony face with a small skull. Its ears hung on the side of the head slightly above the eye level and its long coat covering the ears droops down the neck. Its forelegs stand straight and are closely spaced. Its hind legs have a slight slant that gives it an appearance of always set to run. It has a long curved tail that has feathering hair underneath.
The Saluki is laid back and easy-going in personality. May appear to be anti-social, but it is a very devoted dog showing preference to a particular family member. It is highly intelligent with a mild temperament. They are submissive hence easy to train as long as they are clearly shown what to do. They need a lot of exercises particularly running. They have a high prey drive and will run after any fast moving animal.
They are comfortable with indoor living as these are inborn sprinters. They need a large amount of space and low traffic so that they can utilize their potential well. They will require daily vigorous exercise to satisfy their energy drive. Also, ensure to put them on a leash in public areas as they cannot be trusted when they spot small animals.
They are a tough breed and are known to suffer from very few diseases. Some common infections to be expected are: Cardiomyopathy, sunburns, and eye infections. They have a general lifespan of 12 – 14 years.
They should be fed on a high-quality, nutritious diet. The amount of food given depends on the dog’s age, metabolic rate, and size. They tend to be choosy when it comes to food hence it is important to identify what they enjoy eating.
Coat, Color and Grooming
They have a short, tender and silky coat. Its coat is flat but slightly feathered on the ears, legs and tail. Their coat comes in a variety of colors such as pure white, black and brown, gray and white, or tan and off-white color. Their coat is low shedding and will only require a weekly brushing. Ensure to provide dental and nail care also for their general well-being.
With family and other pets
They are good for companionship and will do well with children who are equally active. They get along well with familiar pets, but it is not guaranteed they will be the same with non-canine animals.