This dog breed was discovered in Siberia from among the Samoyed community where it derives its name. It was mainly used for herding reindeer and pulling sledges. They are highly adapted to extreme cold conditions and were widely used in expeditions to the Antarctic. They are one of the most ancient dog breeds dating back to thousands of years. It was taken to England in the late 19th century where it was further developed and gained popularity to the rest of the world thereon.
It has a firm well-built body. It has a rectangular form with an average height of 20 – 24 inches and weighs 40 – 65 pounds. Its neck and chest is well covered by its thick coat providing good protection from cold in these sensitive areas. It has a proportional sized head to the rest of the body with a medium sized muzzle. Its almond-shaped eyes, nose, and mouth lining, are black. Its ears stand erect at the top of its head with little spacing in-between. Its dense coat covers the entire body except the facial area that includes the muzzle. It has a medium sized tail that stands erect on its back and is covered with dense coat hair.
Samoyeds are friendly and loyal dogs. They are affectionate with their families and will always want to be close to them at all times. They are very playful and welcoming even to strangers making them good for children but not as watchdogs. They require moderate amount of vigorous activity to get them physically and mentally fulfilled. Though they may be friendly to people, they are not the easiest dog to train. Enticing the dog with treats will help them learn. They do not respond well to harsh training and may end-up being reclusive
They bark a lot hence teaching them early to stop this behavior will help in maintaining a peaceful quite environment. They are very social animals hence should be included in family social activities as they derive great pleasure in this. They will require firm but gentle training for them to learn what they are taught.
The Samoyed are generally healthy dogs however like other breeds; they are susceptible to suffer from some common diseases such as hip dysplasia, diabetes, Patelar Luxation, Glaucoma and Progressive Retina Atrophy.
Samoyed will require a consistent feeding program to ensure they are well fed and have a consistent growth rate. Avoid sporadic feeding patterns and limit feeding time to twice a day. Give the right portion of food depending on its age, weight and level of activity.
Coat, Color and Grooming
They have straight outercoat and thick undercoat that comes in pure white and a variation of off-white such as cream and yellowish. Brush its coat on a weekly basis and during the shedding season it may occur on a daily basis. Brush its teeth two or three times a week and trim its nails on a monthly basis.
With family and other pets
They are very social with family and especially children. They get along well with other dogs and pets but for better relations, socialize the dog early.