The Siberian Husky was bred by the Chukchi tribe of the Yakutsk region. They are also known as the Chukch, the Husky, Chukchi sledge dog or Sib. They have been used for several centuries by this semi-nomadic community to pull sleds over long distances. They had great power and endurance to pull loaded sledges at a moderate speed for a distance. They Chukchi community ensured purity of the breed by keeping only the strong and healthy males while the rest were castrated. In the early 20th century the Sibs were imported in America, and they quickly gained popularity in Alaska as a superior sled pulling dog.
The husky has the appearance of a well-built muscular fox. Its body is stout, strong and proportional. It has a dense coat that covers its entire body making it well adapted to cold environments. It has almond shaped eyes that come in blue, black or yellow color and gives a piercing look. Its eye ring and nose has a tan color. It has erected triangular ears set at the top of its head widely spaced. It has a large muzzle that supports a strong jaw. Its chest is deep and supported by two strong forelegs that stand upright. It has a short tail covered by long hair strands of its coat.
This is a strong, energetic breed with lots of vigor and full of life. They are pack dogs and need to be shown leadership otherwise they will assume their own lead. They are very sociable and loving, particularly to their owner. They are an intelligent breed that is easy to train but can be a handful for first-time owners. They are very active and will enjoy a lot of outdoor activities such as jogging, hiking and walks. They are known to be very destructive when bored or not sufficiently exercised
Ensure to provide sufficient exercised to keep the both physically and mentally engaged. They should be well trained by a professional as it may be difficult for first-time owners to train this breed. The trainer has to be consistent and firm so that the dog will learn to submit and obey commands. They are not well suited for apartment life as these are typical working dogs and enjoy their outdoor life most.
They are a generally healthy breed and will suffer from that which is common to this breed. Some of the diseases include: eye diseases and hip dysplasia. They have a general lifespan of about 12 – 14 years.
They should be fed on a nutritious, high quality diet full of all necessary nutrients for their healthy growth. The amount of food given is dependent on the age, size and metabolic rate of the dog. Avoid sporadic feeding patterns and feed the dog at a consistent time.
Coat color and grooming
They have a dense and tender undercoat while the top coat is straight and hard. Generally, their face and feet are white while the rest of the body takes up a variety of colors such as black, brown or orange. They shed lots of hair hence will need consistent grooming on a daily basis.
With family and other pets
They are a great family dog and will easily accommodate children. They also do well with other dogs and pets, particularly when they are well socialized.